The Carthaginians were famed for utilizing war elephants in battle. They first encountered war elephants, when the greeks, under the command of the great general Pyrrhus of Epirus, used the beasts to fight the Romans. Carthage soon adopted this fearsome method of warfare. Typically, the Carthaginians used a now extinct species of elephant, called the North African Elephant, although occasionally they used elephants from Syria as well. Often reaching a height of 2.5 metres, the elephants were made even more fearsome by adding armour to the head, trunk and blades of spears to the tusks. The elephants were controlled by...
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